Introduction: Are you aware that there are thousands of different churches today with new ones being introduced every month? These churches are all distinguished one from the other in origin, founder, doctrine, and purpose or goals. Some of these churches are obviously false and evil. For instance, the "Church of Satan." Some are admittedly based on the claim of extra (apart from the Bible) revelation such as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Some are predicated on tradition and the alleged infallibility of some man Catholicism and the Pope.
I. Jesus promised to build his church
A. " Upon this rock I will build my church ," Jesus promised (Matt. 16: 18). Jesus did build his church or kingdom (Acts 5: 11, Col. 1: 13).
a. We read of the origin and growth of Jesus church in the Book of Acts (Acts 2: 14-47, 5: 11, 14, 14: 23, see Isa. 2: 2).
II. The term church (ekklesia, Greek)
A. The word translated church is a compound word, "ek, out of, and klesis, a calling" (Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words, by W. E. Vine). When "church" is spiritually used the idea is that of a called out people. Indeed, the gospel "calls" people out of "the world" (2 Thes. 2: 14, I Jn. 2: 15, 16).
B. "Church" has a number of nuances in the New Testament but the two most common are the universal and local concepts.
a. The church universal has no geographic location, organization, or work, as such (see Matt. 16: 18, notice the singular use). The church universal is simply the saved of all the earth (Eph. 5: 27). In this respect, there is only "one body" or church (Eph. 4: 4). The Lord adds one to his church by means of water baptism (Gal. 3: 26, 27, Acts 2: 47, KJV).
b. The local church. The local church is Gods people in a given geographic location who have banded themselves together to constitute the local church and to perform the work assigned to the local church (Acts 9: 26). Hence, we read of the "church of God which is at Corinth" (I Cor. 1: 2).
1. Unlike the church universal, the local church has geographic location, organization, and work (I Tim. 3: 15, see vss. 1-14).
2. The baptized believer who is walking in the light must "join" the local church (Acts 9: 26, 27).
3. Each local church is to have "Bishops and deacons" (Phili. 1" 1, Acts 14: 23). These men must meet certain qualifications (I Tim. 3: 1-13, Tit. 1: 5-11, the pastoral system of government is not taught in the New Testament,). The church Jesus built knew nothing of governing boards or overseeing churches. Man later introduced these innovations. Each local church was autonomous or self-governing (Acts 14: 23, I Pet. 5: 1-3).
III. Designations pertaining to Jesus church
A. The Lords church did not wear human names (human names such as Lutheran, etc. were introduced by man centuries after 30 AD, Acts 2, the origin of the church).
B. As a matter of fact, the church wore no names at all. Instead, we find certain descriptive designations such as ""the churches of Christ""(Rom. 16: 16, see also Col. 1: 13, 18, Acts 20: 28). We must remember, denominationalism was nonexistent in the First Century, there was only Jesus church (see I Cor. 1: 10-13).
IV. The work of the early church
A. The work of Jesus church was manifestly the edification of the saints and the preaching of the gospel to the lost (Eph. 4: 16, I Tim. 3: 15). When there was a financial need, the church relieved needy saints (I Cor. 16: 1, 2).
B. The Lords church never engaged in effecting ecumenical unity, politics, secular education, universal and general benevolence, entertainment, the work of the family, or legislation.
V. The church of the Lord submitted to Jesus headship and authority
A. Jesus, not man, any man or men, is the head of his church (Eph. 1: 22, 23). That which governs the church and that which she teaches is the word of God, the "doctrine of Christ" (2 Jn. 9-11, Gal. 2: 14).
B. She shuns and repudiates human creeds and traditions (Mk. 7: 6-13, see "Book, Chapter, and Verse Preaching" in Archives).
VI. The plan of salvation is presented by Jesus church
A. The early church taught belief, repentance, confession of Christs deity, and water baptism for the remission of sin (Acts 16: 30, 31, 17: 30, 31, Rom. 10: 9, 10, and Acts 2: 38).
VII. The First Century church practiced limited fellowship
A. The fellowship was spiritual and guarded (Acts 9: 26, 27). Only those "walking in the light" were to be fellowshipped (I Jn. 1: 7-9). Those who did not bring the doctrine of Christ were not to be fellowshipped (2 Jn. 9-11).
VIII. Peculiarities of the early church
A. There are many characteristics, which distinguish the Lords church.
a. The Lords church did not use mechanical music or choirs in the public worship, for instance (Eph. 5: 19, see "Quotations").
b. Each local church was to practice "discipline" (I Cor. 5: 1 ff., 2 Thes. 3: 6).
c. Each local church separately financed the local work by the offerings of the members on the Lords day (I Cor. 16: 1, 2).
d. The early church regularly partook of the Lords Supper on each Lords day (Acts 20: 7, 2: 42).
e. Again, there were no external controlling boards or pooling of resources (such as is the practice of some churches of Christ today via the Herald of Truth organization).
f. The early church did not build or contribute to colleges, hospitals, homes for the aged, etc., the "social gospel" is foreign to the New Testament church).
Conclusion: Jesus overcame death to build his church (Matt. 16: 18, 19). The church is so important and essential that Jesus "purchased the church of the Lord with his own blood" (Acts 20: 28). Forsaking the "assembling of ourselves together" is willful sin (Heb. 10: 25). To sin thus means, "there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins" (vs. 26). Indeed, "it is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God" (vs. 31).